Main Publications Of Our Core Members

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These publications summarize work done by our Core Members that has been disclosed to the general public. Some of them are prior to the creation of NanoWattICs.

F. Silveira, D. Flandre, "Low Power Analog CMOS for Cardiac Pacemakers. Design and Optimization in Bulk and SOI Technologies", Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science, Boston, Dordrecht, January 2004.


  1. P. Aguirre, F. Silveira "CMOS Op-Amp Power Optimization in All Regions of Inversion Using Geometric Programming", Proceedings XXI Symposium on Integrated Circuits and Systems Design (SBCCI), Gramado, Brasil, September 2008.
  2. P. Aguirre, F. Silveira, "Bias Circuit Design for Low-Voltage Cascode Transistors", Proceedings XIX Symposium on Integrated Circuits and Systems Design (SBCCI), Minas Gerais, Brasil, September 2006.
  3. L. Barboni, R. Fiorelli, F. Silveira, "A Tool For Design Exploration And Power Optimization Of CMOS RF Circuits Blocks", IEEE ISCAS (International Symposium on Circuits and Systems), Kos, Greece, May 2006.
  4. C. Rossi, P. Aguirre, "Ultra-low Power CMOS Cells for Temperature Sensors", Proceedings XVIII Symposium on Integrated Circuits and Systems Design (SBCCI), Florianopolis, Brasil, September 2005.
  5. F. Silveira, D. Flandre, "A 110 nA Pacemaker Sensing Channel in CMOS on Silicon-on-Insulator", IEEE ISCAS (International Symposium in Circuits and Systems), Phoenix, USA, May 2003.
  6. A. Arnaud, M. Baru, G. Picun, F. Silveira, "Design of a Micropower Signal Conditioning Circuit for a Piezoresistive Acceleration Sensor", IEEE ISCAS (International Symposium in Circuits and Systems), Monterey, USA, May-June 1998.
  7. M. Baru, O. de Oliveira, F. Silveira, "A 2V Rail-to-Rail Micropower CMOS Comparator", Journal of Solid-State Devices and Circuits, Brazilian Microelectronics Society, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 9 - 13, February 1997.
  8. F. Silveira, D. Flandre, P.G.A. Jespers, "A gm/ID Based Methodology for the Design of CMOS Analog Circuits and its Application to the Synthesis of a Silicon-on-Insulator Micropower OTA", IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 31, No. 9, pp. 1314 - 1319, September 1996.


  1. M. Baru, “Implantable Signal Amplifying Circuit for Electroneurographic Recording”, U.S. Patent 6,996,435 issued February 7th, 2006; Canadian Patent 2,382,500 issued April 6th, 2004; and European Patent 02011596 isued May 21st, 2003.
  2. M. Baru, “Precision rectifier circuit for high-density, low-power implantable medical device”, U.S. Patent 7,282,980 issued October 16th, 2007.
  3. M. Baru et al., “Fully Implantable Nerve Signal Sensing and Stimulation Device and Method for Treating Foot Drop and Other Neurological Disorders”, U.S. Patent 7,636,602 issued December 22nd, 2009; International Patent application PCT/IB2004/001023 filed April 2nd, 2004 (pending).

Links:, pp. 17-18.

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